FANDOM


The 3. Liga (Template:Lang-de), is the third division of football in Germany. The league started with the beginning of the 2008–09 season, when it replaced the Regionalliga as the third tier football league in Germany. In the German football league system, it is positioned between the 2. Bundesliga and the semi-professional Regionalliga, which became the fourth division and initially consisted of three groups of 18 clubs playing separately.[1] In Germany, the 3. Liga is the highest division that a football club's reserve team can play in.

HistoryEdit

File:3 Fußball-Liga logo.svg
For more details on this topic, see History of German football.

On 8 September 2006, the German Football Association, the DFB, announced the formation of the 3. Liga. It was originally anticipated that the league's name would be 3. Bundesliga, but the DFB chose 3. Liga instead, reflecting the fact that the league will be directly administered by the DFB, not by the DFL (Deutsche Fußball Liga, English:German Football League) who runs the two Bundesligen.[2]

The first match of the 3. Liga was played on 25 July 2008 between FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt and Dynamo Dresden at the Steigerwaldstadion in Erfurt. Dynamo Dresden won the match 1–0, with Halil Savran scoring the only goal in the closing stages of the first half.

Financial situationEdit

From its foundation in 2008 to 2013 the league had been operating on a financial loss, with a record deficit of €20.9 million in 2012–13. The 2013–14 season saw the league make a profit for the first time, being €4.9 million in the plus. The league earned €164.5 million, well behind the two Bundesligas above it but also well ahead of other professional sports leagues in Germany with the Deutsche Eishockey Liga following with €106.1 million and the Basketball Bundesliga and Handball-Bundesliga sitting around the €90 million mark.[3] This makes it the third-most economically successful professional league in all German sports.[4]

Set-upEdit

The teams which are not reserve teams of Bundesliga teams among the 20 teams in the league compete for promotion to the 2. Bundesliga, while the three bottom teams are relegated to one of the five Regionalligen: Regionalliga Nord, Regionalliga Nordost, Regionalliga West, Regionalliga Südwest, and Regionalliga Bayern. If, however, a reserve team is playing in the 3. Liga and the respective first team is relegated to the 3. Liga, the reserve team will be relegated to the Regionalliga regardless of its league position.

Qualifying for the 3. LigaEdit

File:3. Fussball-Liga Deutschland 2015-2016.png

At the end of the 2007–08 season, the two best non-reserve teams from each of the two divisions of the Regionalliga were promoted to the 2. Bundesliga. The teams ranked third to tenth in both Regionalliga entered the new 3. Liga, joining the four teams relegated from the 2. Bundesliga to form the new 20-team league. Teams finishing 11th or lower in their Regionalliga remained where they were.

On 18 May 2008, at the end of the 2007–08 2. Bundesliga season, four clubs were relegated from the 2. Bundesliga and became charter members of the 3. Liga: Kickers Offenbach, FC Erzgebirge Aue, SC Paderborn 07 and FC Carl Zeiss Jena.

On 31 May 2008, at the end of the 2007–08 Regionalliga seasons, clubs placing third through tenth in the Regionalliga Nord and the Regionalliga Süd also qualified for the new 3. Liga.

From the Regionalliga Nord:

From the Regionalliga Süd:

Promotion/RelegationEdit

The winner and runner-up in a given season is automatically promoted to the 2. Bundesliga. The third place team enters a home/away playoff against the 16th placed team of the 2. Bundesliga for the right to enter/stay in the 2. Bundesliga. Teams placing in the bottom three are automatically sent to the Regionalliga.

Season Champions Runners-up Promotion Playoff Standings
2008–09 1. FC Union Berlin Fortuna Düsseldorf SC Paderborn 07 Table
2009–10 VfL Osnabrück FC Erzgebirge Aue FC Ingolstadt 04 Table
2010–11 Eintracht Braunschweig F.C. Hansa Rostock Dynamo Dresden Table
2011–12 SV Sandhausen VfR Aalen Jahn Regensburg Table
2012–13 Karlsruher SC Arminia Bielefeld VfL Osnabrück Table
2013–14 1. FC Heidenheim RB Leipzig SV Darmstadt 98 Table
2014–15 Arminia Bielefeld MSV Duisburg Holstein Kiel Table
2015–16 Dynamo Dresden Erzgebirge Aue Würzburger Kickers Table
  • Bold denotes team earned promotion.

League statisticsEdit

Up to and including the 2015–16 season the top goal scorers, attendance statistics and records for the league are:

AttendanceEdit

Season League total
attendance
League average
attendance
Best supported club Average
attendance
2008–09[5] 2,134,425 5,617 Fortuna Düsseldorf 14,875
2009–10[6] 1,949,392 5,130 Dynamo Dresden 14,440
2010–11[7] 2,122,025 5,584 Eintracht Braunschweig 17,425
2011–12[8] 1,736,392 4,569 Arminia Bielefeld 8,935
2012–13[9] 2,341,685 6,162 Karlsruher SC 11,974
2013–14[10] 2,306,918 6,071 RB Leipzig 16,734
2014–15[11] 2,563,078 6,745 Dynamo Dresden 22,748
2015–16[12] 2,665,994 7,068 Dynamo Dresden 27,554

Top scorersEdit

Season Player Goals Club
2008–09 [13] Template:Flagicon Anton Fink 21 SpVgg Unterhaching
2009–10[14] Template:Flagicon Régis Dorn 22 SV Sandhausen
2010–11[15] Template:Flagicon Domi Kumbela
Template:Flagicon Patrick Mayer
19 Eintracht Braunschweig
1. FC Heidenheim
2011–12[16] Template:Flagicon Marcel Reichwein 17 Rot-Weiß Erfurt
2012–13[17] Template:Flagicon Anton Fink
Template:Flagicon Fabian Klos
20 Chemnitzer FC
Arminia Bielefeld
2013–14[18] Template:Flagicon Dominik Stroh-Engel 27 SV Darmstadt 98
2014–15[19] Template:Flagicon Fabian Klos 23 Arminia Bielefeld
2015–16[20] Template:Flagicon Justin Eilers 23 Dynamo Dresden

RecordsEdit

As of 14 May 2016

Highest win 7–0 FC Carl Zeiss Jena 07 1. FC Saarbrücken (11 August 2010)[21]
Most goals in a game 10 Eintracht Braunschweig 55 Fortuna Düsseldorf (10 May 2009)[22]
Most league appearances 250 Fabian Stenzel (Rot-Weiß Erfurt, Chemnitzer FC)[23]
Most goals scored 101 Anton Fink (SpVgg Unterhaching, Chemnitzer FC, VfR Aalen)[24]

Placings in the 3. LigaEdit

The following clubs have played in the league and achieved the following final positions:[25]

Club 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
FC Ingolstadt 04 2B 3 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B B B
SV Darmstadt 98 4 14 18 3 2B B B
RB Leipzig 2 2B 2B B
Eintracht Braunschweig 13 4 1 2B 2B B 2B 2B 2B
Karlsruher SC B 2B 2B 2B 1 2B 2B 2B 2B
Fortuna Düsseldorf 2 2B 2B 2B B 2B 2B 2B 2B
1. FC Union Berlin 1 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B
SV Sandhausen 8 14 12 1 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B
1. FC Heidenheim 6 9 4 5 1 2B 2B 2B
Arminia Bielefeld B 2B 2B 13 2 2B 1 2B 2B
Dynamo Dresden 9 12 3 2B 2B 2B 6 1 2B
Erzgebirge Aue 12 2 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2 2B
Würzburger Kickers 3 2B
MSV Duisburg 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 7 2 2B x
FSV Frankfurt 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B x
SC Paderborn 07 3 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B B 2B x
1. FC Magdeburg 4 x
VfL Osnabrück 2B 1 2B 7 3 5 11 5 x
Chemnitzer FC 9 6 12 5 6 x
SG Sonnenhof Großaspach 15 7 x
Rot-Weiß Erfurt 10 9 5 5 13 10 12 8 x
SC Preußen Münster 12 4 6 8 9 x
Hansa Rostock 2B 2B 2 2B 12 13 17 10 x
SC Fortuna Köln 14 11 x
1. FSV Mainz 05 II 16 12 x
Hallescher FC 10 9 10 13 x
Holstein Kiel 19 16 3 14 x
VfR Aalen 19 16 2 2B 2B 2B 15 x
SV Wehen Wiesbaden 2B 15 4 16 7 4 9 16 x
SV Werder Bremen II 17 13 18 20 17 x
SSV Jahn Regensburg 15 16 8 3 2B 11 20 x
Sportfreunde Lotte x
FSV Zwickau x
Stuttgarter Kickers 20 17 8 4 18
Energie Cottbus B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 7 19
VfB Stuttgart II 11 10 10 11 14 15 13 20
Borussia Dortmund II 18 16 14 18
SpVgg Unterhaching 4 11 14 15 9 17 19
SV Elversberg 18
SV Wacker Burghausen 18 17 17 6 8 19
1. FC Saarbrücken 6 10 11 20
Kickers Offenbach 4 7 7 7 8 15
SV Babelsberg 03 13 17 19
Alemannia Aachen 2B 2B 2B 2B 20
FC Carl Zeiss Jena 16 5 15 18
Rot-Weiß Oberhausen 2B 2B 2B 19
TuS Koblenz3 2B 2B 11
FC Bayern Munich II 5 8 19
Rot Weiss Ahlen2 2B 2B 20
Wuppertaler SV 14 20
Kickers Emden1 6

NotesEdit

Symbol Key
B Bundesliga
2B 2. Bundesliga
1 League champions
# League place
Blank not in 3. Liga
  • 1 Kickers Emden withdrew from the league after the 2008–09 season, relegated Burghausen received their place. Emden became insolvent in 2012.
  • 2 RW Ahlen did not receive a licence for the 2011–12 season, originally finishing 17th after 2010–11. The club was placed in 20th position and relegated. Previously relegated Burghausen, placed 18th originally, were instead placed in 17th position and were not relegated. Ahlen did not request a license in the Regionalliga and started the new season in the Oberliga.
  • 3 TuS Koblenz withdrew from the league after the 2011–12 season, relegated Bremen II received their place instead.
  • 4 Kickers Offenbach was refused a 3. Liga licence at the end of the 2012–13 season and relegated to the Regionalliga. SV Darmstadt 98 took Offenbach's place.[26]

Promotion roundsEdit

To the 2. BundesligaEdit

Main article: Promotion to the 2. Bundesliga

At the end of the regular season the third placed team in the 3. Liga play the 16th placed team in the 2. Bundesliga over two matches. The overall winner plays in the 2. Bundesliga in the following season, and the loser in the 3. Liga.

2008–09[27]

Template:TwoLegStart Template:TwoLegResult |}

2009–10[28]

Template:TwoLegStart Template:TwoLegResult |}

2010–11[29]

Template:TwoLegStart Template:TwoLegResult |}

2011–12[30]

Template:TwoLegStart Template:TwoLegResult |}

2012–13[31]

Template:TwoLegStart Template:TwoLegResult |}

2013–14[32]

Template:TwoLegStart Template:TwoLegResult |}

2014–15[33]

Template:TwoLegStart Template:TwoLegResult |}

2015–16[34]

Template:TwoLegStart Template:TwoLegResult |}

To the 3. LigaEdit

Since the 2012–13 season, the champions of the five Regionalligas and the runners-up of the Regionalliga Südwest enter an end-of-the season play-off to determine the three teams promoted to the 3. Liga.

2012–13[35]

Template:TwoLegStart Template:TwoLegResult Template:TwoLegResult Template:TwoLegResult |}

2013–14[36]

Template:TwoLegStart Template:TwoLegResult Template:TwoLegResult Template:TwoLegResult |}

2014–15[37]

Template:TwoLegStart Template:TwoLegResult Template:TwoLegResult Template:TwoLegResult |}

2015–16[38]

2015–16 Regionalliga

KeyEdit

  • Winner in bold.
Symbol Key
Template:Small 2. Bundesliga — 16th placed team
Template:Small 3. Liga — 3rd placed team
Template:Small Regionalliga Bayern
Template:Small Regionalliga Nord
Template:Small Regionalliga Nordost
Template:Small Regionalliga Südwest — Champions
Template:Small Regionalliga Südwest — Runners-up
Template:Small Regionalliga West

ReferencesEdit

  1. Script error
  2. Script error
  3. Script error
  4. Script error
  5. Script error
  6. Script error
  7. Script error
  8. Script error
  9. Script error
  10. Script error
  11. Script error
  12. Script error
  13. Script error
  14. Script error
  15. Script error
  16. Script error
  17. Script error
  18. Script error
  19. Script error
  20. Script error
  21. Script error
  22. Script error
  23. Script error
  24. Script error
  25. Script error
  26. Script error
  27. Script error
  28. Script error
  29. Script error
  30. Script error
  31. Script error
  32. Script error
  33. Script error
  34. Script error
  35. Script error
  36. Script error
  37. Script error
  38. Script error

External linksEdit

Template:3. Liga Template:3. Liga seasons Template:3. Liga top Scorers Template:Football in Germany Template:UEFA third leagues