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The Leyland Atlantean is a double-decker bus chassis manufactured by Leyland Motors between 1958 and 1986.

It pioneered the design of rear-engined, front entrance double deck buses in the United Kingdom, allowing for the introduction of one man operation buses, dispensing with the need for a bus conductor.

The prototypesEdit

In the years immediately following World War II, bus operators in the United Kingdom faced a downturn in the numbers of passengers carried and manufacturers began looking at ways to economise. A few experimental rear-engined buses had been produced before the war but none successfully made it beyond the prototype stage. The need to minimise the intrusion of the engine into passenger carrying space was a priority, leading to several underfloor-engined single-deck designs. However, such designs raised the height of the floor of the vehicle, forcing additional steps at the entrance. On double decker buses, these problems were amplified, causing either an increase in the overall height of the vehicle or an inadequate interior height.

In 1952, Leyland began experimenting with ideas for a rear-engined double-decker bus. A prototype was built, with a body by Saunders-Roe, to the maximum permitted width of Template:Convert. It was fitted with a turbocharged version of the Leyland 0.350 engine, which was transversely mounted at the rear of the sub-frame. The chassis was a platform-type frame of steel and light alloy with deep stressed side-members. An automatic clutch and self change gearbox were also fitted. The vehicle was designated the PDR1 (R for "Rear-engined").

In 1956, a second prototype was constructed, this time with a Metro-Cammell body and, again equipped with a 0.350 engine fitted across the frame. It had a centrifugal clutch, Pneumocyclic gearbox and angle drive. This vehicle was Template:Convert in height, with a Template:Convert wheelbase and overall length of Template:Convert and had a seating capacity of 78. Leyland christened this prototype the Lowloader.

Though two prototypes were thoroughly tested, the same problem of a front-engined bus remained, they had rear entrances with the space alongside the driver being wasted.

PDR1/PDR2Edit

An amendment to the Construction and Use Regulations in 1956 saw the maximum length for double-deckers increased to Template:Convert, allowing a wider entrance to be located ahead of the front axle. This was initially to allow the driver to supervise boarding whilst the conductor collected fares, but quickly it became apparent that the design would allow for one man operation. Leyland took advantage of the new regulation to launch the first prototype Atlantean at the 1956 Commercial Motor Show at Earls Court Exhibition Centre.[1][2] Though it featured the front entrance design that would redefine the bus industry, several factors prevented the bus going on the market. The main problem was the high level of engine noise inside the lower saloon, as the engine was still inside the body, with the compartment being used for bench seating.

Mechanically, the prototype Atlantean was similar to the Lowloader with an 0.600 engine transversely mounted at the rear with a pneumo-cyclic gearbox situated in the rear offside corner providing drive in a straight line from the engine. The Atlantean had a light and strong fabricated frame. Light alloy floor plates were rivetted directly to the framework, fulfilling the dual purpose of reinforcing the frame and providing a foundation for the saloon floor. The platform-type sub-frame concept from the Lowloader was retained for the prototype. A drop-centre rear axle allowed the flat floor, only one step up from ground level, to continue for the full length of the bus.

The prototype was demonstrated around the country to various operators. It also had an unregistered sister vehicle, which was used as a testbed. Both were subsequently scrapped.

By 1958, Leyland had overcome most of the problems and moved the engine to a rear-mounted compartment outside the main body and the first production Atlantean PDR1/1, with a Template:Convert wheelbase, was launched at the 1958 Commercial Motor Show. It had simpler mechanical specification than the prototype, with conventional front and rear axles, leaf springs all round and a channel section frame. Glasgow Corporation, James of Ammanford and Wallasey Corporation each put their first example of the type into service in December 1958.[3]

From 1964, a drop-centre rear axle was available as an option for the Atlantean; the Atlanteans with drop-centre rear axles became known as the Atlantean PDR1/2 and, for the later version, the Atlantean PDR1/3. In 1967, Leyland launched the Atlantean PDR2/1 which could be fitted with Template:Convert.[4][5]

In 1965, London Transport purchased a fleet of 50, initially operating on routes 7, 24, 67 and 271 before being transferred to Croydon.[6][7][8][9]

Though some operators initially continued to buy front-engined vehicles for reliability, the Atlantean became very popular. Though the National Bus Company and the Scottish Bus Group favoured the Bristol VR and Daimler Fleetline respectively, the Atlantean proved popular with municipal operators. Aberdeen, Bournemouth, Glasgow, Edinburgh, Newcastle, Manchester, Liverpool, Newport, Nottingham and Plymouth Corporations purchased large numbers of the type.

In 1968, three Atlanteans were bodied by Marshall as single deck buses for Great Yarmouth Corporation.[10] By 1972, over 6,000 Atlanteans had entered service.[11][12]

AN68/AN69Edit

In February 1972, Leyland announced the AN68 series to replace the PDR1/PDR2.[13] The new chassis provided a wider entrance and several new safety features were included. An audible and visible alarm discouraged engine overheating by giving the driver due warning. A fail-safe parking brake was introduced, while the steering box and brake controls were protected against damage from severe head-on collision and stainless steel air-piping gave greater resistance to corrosion.[14]

Two models were offered: AN68/1R (9.4m in length) and AN68/2R (10.2m in length). Power assisted steering was standard on the AN68/2R and optional on the AN68/1R. The steering pump was power driven, which replaced the early belt driven system, while the only available engine was the new Leyland 0.680. A wide variety of body styles from various manufacturers continued to be offered, allowing the Atlantean to be tailor made to requirements from operators ranging from the small independent to the large city corporation.

In 1978, Leyland started to offer the AN69 with Leyland 0.690 (a turbocharged variant of the 0.680 engine, all were sold to overseas operators.[15]

The Atlantean continued to sell in large numbers, with many operators proving loyal to it.[16] London Transport however, notably it chose the Daimler Fleetline over the AN68 for its first large rear-engined double-deck order. Though over 2,000 Fleetlines would be purchased, reliability problems let to their very premature withdrawal.

The formation of British Leyland in 1968 saw rivals Daimler and Bristol merge with Leyland, bringing the two competing rear-engined chassis (Daimler Fleetline and Bristol VR) together with the Atlantean. Though the Bristol brand was retained, Daimler was dropped and products were re-badged as Leylands. After the re-organisation, Leyland set out to develop a new rear-engined double-deck bus for the London market to replace the troublesome Fleetlines. This new vehicle, the Titan B15 spawned a simpler, non-integral offshoot, the Olympian, which debuted in 1980. Though the Olympian was meant as a direct replacement for the VR, Fleetline and Atlantean, the venerable AN68 continued in production alongside the Olympian until 1986. The last Atlantean for the domestic market rolled off the production line in 1984, the last of a batch for Merseyside PTE, while the export version remained in production for a further two years, with deliveries to the city operator in Baghdad, Iraq.

By the end of production, over 15,000 Atlanteans had been built. Greater Manchester PTE (and its predecessors) was the largest operator of the Atlantean with 'Greater Manchester Standard' bodies from Northern Counties and, to a lesser extent, Park Royal. Second was Glasgow Corporation/Greater Glasgow PTE most of which were bodied by Walter Alexander. Third was Merseyside PTE who took approximately 800 Atlanteans mostly bodied by Walter Alexander and East Lancs although there were smaller batches with MCW and Willowbrook bodies.

ExportsEdit

SingaporeEdit

Singapore Bus Service received 520 Leyland Atlantean AN68/2Rs between 1977 and 1986 in three batches with the bodywork provided by Metal Sections/Duple Metsec, British Aluminium Company and Walter Alexander.[17][18][19][20] The Singapore Leyland Atlanteans were withdrawn between 14 January 1990 and 19 December 2000.[21][22][23] They were split as follows:

  • The 101 Alexander L bodied buses were sold to Citybus (Hong Kong) when Leyland Olympian 3-Axles are delivered between August 1993 and April 1994. All the Citybus Leyland Atlanteans were withdrawn in 1998 when it became fully air-con and the lifespans were up to 17 years.
  • All the Leyland Atlantean (BAco) buses were scrapped in 1990.
  • Some of the Duple Metsec buses were sold to China between May 1993 and August 1995.
  • The Alexander R buses were slowly phased out after 1996, and had 100 buses left in 1998 when it converted to fully air-con buses. The rest of them were retired by 19 December 2000, with the last buses on 222 and 291 being replaced by enough Volvo Olympian 2-Axles transferred from Bedok North Depot, when service 10 and 196 became fully air-con by then.

United StatesEdit

A small fleet of Atlanteans also crossed the Atlantic, entering service in New York City. The double-deckers arrived in 1976, but proved problematic. After finally getting the too-tall buses from the docks, it was discovered that their height made them unsuitable for use on Fifth Avenue, and due to an underdimensioned air-conditioning system they could not be operated in the height of summer. New York's heavily potholed roads also took a toll, and after the Atlanteans spent most of their time being repaired the fleet was quietly withdrawn in 1980.[24][25][26]

AustraliaEdit

In Australia, a fleet of 224 were bodied by Pressed Metal Corporation for the Public Transport Commission, Sydney between 1970 and 1973. Reliability and industrial relations issues plagued the fleet with withdrawals commencing in 1979.[27] A deal was concluded to sell the fleet to China Motor Bus, however the incoming Government of New South Wales blocked the deal.[28] The final examples were withdrawn in 1986, by which time they were concentrated on route 190 to Palm Beach. [29] These were the first double deck buses bodied in Australia for 17 years, and would be the last until the Bustech CDi in 2011. Many would go on to have longer careers after being sold, and some still are in service today, often in open top configuration.[30]

Many former municipal bus company Atlanteans were imported into Australia in the 1970s. Australian Pacific Tours, Kirkland Bros Omnibus Services of Lismore, Sita Buslines and Westbus of Sydney among the operators.[31] In April 1974 a PDR1A/1 chassis originally intended for Southampton Corporation but fire damaged at East Lancashire Coachbuilders was bodied by Pressed Metal Corporation as a single deck bus for Seven Hills Bus Co.[31][32]

Other countriesEdit

Atlanteans were also exported to Baghdad Passenger Transport Services (600),[33][34] Córas Iompair Éireann (840),[35][36] Jakarta (108),[37] Kuwait,[38] Manila (22),[39] Portugal (130)[40] and Storstockholms Lokaltrafik (50).[41]

CompetitorsEdit

Though the Atlantean was the first high-volume rear-engined double-decker on the market, Daimler was quick to catch up with its Fleetline model. Bristol followed several years later with its VRT.

The Bristol was favoured by the state-owned National Bus Company, several of whose predecessors had standardised on Bristol vehicles. Several early examples were also purchased by NBC's Scottish sister company, the Scottish Bus Group, where the front-engined Bristol Lodekka had proved popular. However, the Scottish customers did not share the same enthusiasm for the VR and the vehicles purchased were swapped for ex-NBC Lodekkas. The Scottish Bus Group then standardised on the Daimler Fleetline for its double-deck needs.

After the re-organisation of British Leyland, both VR and Fleetline became Leyland offerings and, when production of both ceased in 1981, over 6,400 VRs and 11,500 Fleetlines had been built. Frustrated at the lack of competition to Leyland, some operators turned to other manufacturers, who began to offer alternatives to the state-owned manufacturer. Supply problems at Leyland did not help matters and products such as the Scania Metropolitan and Dennis Dominator began to make small inroads into the rear-engined market, while the Volvo Ailsa B55 reintroduced a front-engined double-deck chassis, with a front entrance, with some success. The Scania/Metro Cammell Weymann partnership, which produced the Metropolitan, ended in the late 1970s and forced MCW to introduce its own rear-engined product, available as an integral or chassis, the MCW Metrobus. The success of the Metrobus, particularly with West Midlands Passenger Transport Executive and London Transport, would spur Leyland on to develop a new heavy-duty rear-engined bus, sealing the eventual withdrawal of the Atlantean from the market.

Former DeploymentsEdit

Registration Deployment
SBS1618M BBDEP 10, BBDEP 5
SBS1619K BBDEP 10, BBDEP 5, BBDEP 190
SBS1620E BBDEP 10, BBDEP 5
SBS1621C BBDEP 10, BBDEP 5
SBS1622A BBDEP 10, BBDEP 5, BBDEP 190, BBDEP 65
SBS1637H BBDEP 154, BBDEP 2, BBDEP 361
SBS1638E BBDEP 154, BBDEP 41, BBDEP 99
SBS1639C BBDEP 154, BBDEP 61
SBS1640Y BBDEP 154, BBDEP 157, BBDEP 61, BBDEP 198
SBS1641U BBDEP 157, BBDEP 61, BNDEP 18
SBS1642S BBDEP 157, BBDEP 198
SBS1643P BBDEP 157, BBDEP 198
SBS1644L BBDEP 154, BBDEP 61
SBS1645J BBDEP 7, BBDEP 65
SBS1646G BBDEP 154, BBDEP 61
SBS1647D BBDEP 154, BNDEP 23, BNDEP 30
SBS1648B BBDEP 157, BBDEP 5, BBDEP 190
SBS1649Z BBDEP 157, BBDEP 198, BBDEP 99
SBS1650T BBDEP 2, BBDEP 111, BBDEP 63, BBDEP 196
SBS1651R BBDEP 2, BBDEP 190
SBS1652M BBDEP 2, BNDEP 23
SBS1653K BBDEP 2, BNDEP 23
SBS1654H BBDEP 157, BNDEP 23
SBS1655E BBDEP 157, BNDEP 23
SBS1656C BBDEP 157, BNDEP 23
SBS1657A BBDEP 198, BNDEP 23
SBS1658Y BBDEP 198, BNDEP 23
SBS1659U BBDEP 198, BBDEP 61
SBS1660P BBDEP 157, BBDEP 61
SBS1661L BBDEP 157, BBDEP 198, BBDEP 61
SBS1662J BBDEP 5, BBDEP 61
SBS1663G BBDEP 5, BBDEP 190
SBS1664D BBDEP 5, BBDEP 185
SBS1665B BBDEP 5, BBDEP 185
SBS1666Z BBDEP 5, BBDEP 190, BNDEP 18
SBS1667X BBDEP 5, BBDEP 185
SBS1668T BBDEP 5, BBDEP 185
SBS1669R BBDEP 5, BBDEP 185
SBS1670H BBDEP 5, BBDEP 185
SBS1671E BBDEP 5, BBDEP 185
SBS1672E BBDEP 5, BBDEP 185
SBS1673C BBDEP 5, BBDEP 185
SBS1674A BBDEP 5, BBDEP 185
SBS1675Y BBDEP 99
SBS1676U BBDEP 99, BBDEP 190
SBS1677S BBDEP 99, BBDEP 190
SBS1678P BBDEP 99, BBDEP 190, TPDEP/BRBP 157, AMDEP 139
SBS1679L BBDEP 99
SBS1680G BBDEP 99, BBDEP 157, BNDEP 359
SBS1681D BBDEP 99, BBDEP 157, BBDEP 190, BNDEP 359
SBS1682B BBDEP 99, BBDEP 157, BBDEP 190, BNDEP 359, BNDEP 291
SBS1690C BBDEP 99, BBDEP 190
SBS1691A BBDEP 99, BBDEP 190
SBS1692Y BBDEP 99, BBDEP 190
SBS1693U BBDEP 99, BBDEP 190
SBS1694S BBDEP 99, BBDEP 190
SBS1695P BBDEP 99
SBS2357J BNDEP 154
SBS2358G BNDEP 154
SBS2359D BNDEP 154
SBS2360Z BNDEP 154
SBS2361X BNDEP 154
SBS2362T BNDEP 154
SBS2363R BNDEP 154
SBS2364M BNDEP 154
SBS2365K BNDEP 154
SBS2366H BNDEP 154, BNDEP 12
SBS2367E BNDEP 154
SBS2368C BNDEP 154
SBS2369A BNDEP 154
SBS2370U BNDEP 154
SBS2371S BNDEP 154
SBS2372P BNDEP 154
SBS2373L BNDEP 154
SBS2374J BNDEP 154
SBS2375G BNDEP 154
SBS2376D BNDEP 154
SBS2377B BNDEP 154
SBS2378Z BNDEP 10
SBS2379X BNDEP 10
SBS2380R BNDEP 10
SBS2381M BNDEP 10
SBS2382K BNDEP 10
SBS2383H BNDEP 10
SBS2384E BNDEP 10
SBS2385C UCDEP 30
SBS2386A UCDEP 30
SBS2387Y UCDEP 30
SBS2388U UCDEP 30
SBS2389S UCDEP 30
SBS2390L BNDEP 154, UCDEP 30
SBS2391J UCDEP 30
SBS2392G UCDEP 30
SBS2393D UCDEP 30
SBS2394B BNDEP 81
SBS2395Z UCDEP 30
SBS2396X UCDEP 30
SBS2397T UCDEP 30
SBS2398R UCDEP 30
SBS2399M UCDEP 30
SBS2400S UCDEP 30
SBS2401P UCDEP 30, HGDEP 198
SBS2402L UCDEP 30, HGDEP 198
SBS2403J UCDEP 30, HGDEP 198
SBS2404G UCDEP 30
SBS2405D UCDEP 30
SBS2406B UCDEP 30
SBS2407Z UCDEP 30
SBS2408X UCDEP 30
SBS2409T HGDEP 197
SBS2410M HGDEP 197
SBS2411K HGDEP 197
SBS2412H HGDEP 197
SBS2413E HGDEP 197
SBS2414C HGDEP 197
SBS2415A HGDEP 197
SBS2416Y HGDEP 197
SBS2417U HGDEP 198
SBS2418S HGDEP 198
SBS2419P HGDEP 198
SBS2420J HGDEP 198
SBS2421G HGDEP 198
SBS2422D HGDEP 198
SBS2423B HGDEP 198
SBS2424Z HGDEP 198
SBS2425X HGDEP 198
SBS2426T HGDEP 198
SBS2427R HGDEP 111, AMDEP 166
SBS2428M HGDEP 111, AMDEP 166
SBS2429K HGDEP 111, AMDEP 166
SBS2430E HGDEP 111, AMDEP 166, AMDEP 4
SBS2431C HGDEP 97
SBS2432A HGDEP 97
SBS2433Y UCDEP 10, HGDEP 97
SBS2434U HGDEP 97
SBS2435S HGDEP 97
SBS2436P HGDEP 97
SBS2437L HGDEP 97
SBS2438J BNDEP 2
SBS2439G BNDEP 2
SBS2440B BNDEP 2
SBS2441Z BNDEP 2
SBS2442X BNDEP 2
SBS2443T BNDEP 2
SBS2444R BNDEP 2, AMDEP 139
SBS2445M BNDEP 2
SBS2446K BNDEP 2
SBS2447H BNDEP 2
SBS2448E BNDEP 2
SBS2449C BNDEP 2
SBS2450Y BNDEP 2
SBS2451U BNDEP 2
SBS2453P BNDEP 2
SBS2454L BNDEP 2
SBS2455J BNDEP 2
SBS2456G BNDEP 2
SBS2457D BNDEP 2
SBS2458B HGDEP 111, BNDEP 18
SBS2459Z HGDEP 111
SBS2460T HGDEP 111
SBS2461R HGDEP 111, BNDEP 196
SBS2462M HGDEP 111
SBS2463K HGDEP 111
SBS2464H HGDEP 111
SBS2465E HGDEP 111
SBS2466C HGDEP 111
SBS2467A HGDEP 111
SBS2468Y BNDEP 2
SBS2469U BNDEP 2, BNDEP 65
SBS2470P BNDEP 8, BNDEP 65
SBS2471L BNDEP 8
SBS2472J BNDEP 8
SBS2473G BNDEP 8
SBS2474D BNDEP 8
SBS2475B BNDEP 8, BNDEP 81
SBS2476X BNDEP 8, BNDEP 196
SBS3399G BNDEP 196
SBS3400K TPDEP 140
SBS3401H TPDEP 140, BBDEP 10
SBS3402E TPDEP 140
SBS3403C TPDEP 140
SBS3404A TPDEP 140
SBS3405Y BBDEP 198
SBS3406U BBDEP 198
SBS3407S BBDEP 198
SBS3408P BBDEP 198
SBS3409L BBDEP 198
SBS3410G BBDEP 30
SBS3411D BBDEP 30
SBS3412B BBDEP 30
SBS3413Z BBDEP 30
SBS3414X WDDEP 178
SBS3415T BBDEP 30
SBS3416R BBDEP 30
SBS3417M BBDEP 30
SBS3418K BBDEP 154
SBS3419H BBDEP 154
SBS3420C BBDEP 154
SBS3421A BBDEP 154
SBS3422Y BBDEP 154
SBS3423U BBDEP 154
SBS3424S BBDEP 154
SBS3425P BBDEP 154
SBS3426L BBDEP 154
SBS3427J BBDEP 157
SBS3428G BBDEP 157
SBS3429D BBDEP 157
SBS3430Z BBDEP 157
SBS3431X BBDEP 157
SBS3432T BBDEP 157
SBS3538A BBDEP 65
SBS3539Y BBDEP 65
SBS3540S BBDEP 65
SBS3541P BBDEP 65
SBS3542J BBDEP 65, BBDEP 190
SBS3543G BBDEP 65, BBDEP 190
SBS3544D BBDEP 65, BBDEP 190
SBS3545B BBDEP 65, BBDEP 190
SBS3546Z BBDEP 65
SBS3547X BBDEP 65
SBS3548T BBDEP 65, BBDEP 190
SBS3549R BBDEP 65
SBS4688R BNDEP 6
SBS4689M BNDEP 6
SBS4690H BNDEP 6
SBS4691E BNDEP 6
SBS4692C BNDEP 6
SBS4693A BNDEP 6
SBS4694Y BNDEP 6
SBS4695U BNDEP 6
SBS4696S BNDEP 6
SBS4697P BNDEP 6
SBS4698L BNDEP 6
SBS4699J BNDEP 6
SBS4700M BNDEP 6
SBS4797J BNDEP 7
SBS4798G BNDEP 7
SBS4800H BNDEP 7
SBS4801E BNDEP 7
SBS4853E BNDEP 7
SBS4854C BNDEP 7
SBS4855A BNDEP 7
SBS4856Y BNDEP 7
SBS4857U BNDEP 7
SBS4858S BNDEP 7, BNDEP 196
SBS4859P BNDEP 7
SBS4860J BNDEP 7
SBS4861G BNDEP 7, AMDEP 106
SBS4862D BNDEP 7, BNDEP 30
SBS4962Z BNDEP 196
SBS4963X BNDEP 196
SBS4964T BNDEP 196
SBS4965R BNDEP 196
SBS4966M BNDEP 196
SBS4967K BNDEP 196
SBS4968H BNDEP 196
SBS4969E BNDEP 196
SBS4970A BNDEP 196, BNDEP 18
SBS4971Y BNDEP 196
SBS4972U BNDEP 196
SBS4973S BNDEP 196
SBS4974P BNDEP 196
SBS4975L BNDEP 65
SBS4976J BNDEP 196
SBS4977G BNDEP 12, BNDEP 30
SBS4978D BNDEP 12
SBS4979B BNDEP 12
SBS4980X BNDEP 12
SBS4981T BNDEP 12
SBS4982R BNDEP 12
SBS4983M BNDEP 12, BBDEP 190
SBS4984K BNDEP 12
SBS4985H BNDEP 10, BNDEP 35, BNDEP 359
SBS4986E BNDEP 10
SBS4987C BNDEP 10, BNDEP 222
SBS4988A BNDEP 10, BNDEP 228, BNDEP 359
SBS4989Y BNDEP 10, BNDEP 228
SBS4990S BNDEP 10, BNDEP 228
SBS4991P BNDEP 10, BNDEP 222
SBS4992L BNDEP 10, BNDEP 222, BNDEP 359
SBS4993J BNDEP 10, BBDEP 63, BNDEP 359
SBS4994G BNDEP 10, BNDEP 35, BNDEP 291
SBS4995D BNDEP 10, BNDEP 222
SBS4996B BNDEP 10, BNDEP 35, BNDEP 222
SBS4997Z BNDEP 10, BNDEP 35, BNDEP 222
SBS4998X BNDEP 10, BNDEP 35, BNDEP 222
SBS4999T BNDEP 10, BNDEP 35, BNDEP 222
SBS5325G TPDEP 159
SBS5326D TPDEP 159
SBS5327B TPDEP 86
SBS5328Z TPDEP 86, TPDEP 140
SBS5329X TPDEP 86
SBS5330R TPDEP 86
SBS5331M TPDEP 86, TPDEP 140
SBS5332K TPDEP 159
SBS5333H TPDEP 159
SBS5334E TPDEP 159
SBS5335C TPDEP 159
SBS5336A TPDEP 159
SBS5337Y TPDEP 159
SBS5338U TPDEP 159
SBS5339S TPDEP 159
SBS5340L TPDEP 140
SBS5341J TPDEP 140
SBS5342G TPDEP 140
SBS5343D TPDEP 140
SBS5344B TPDEP 86, AMDEP 134
SBS5361B AMDEP 169, AMDEP 143
SBS5362Z AMDEP 169, AMDEP 143
SBS5363X AMDEP 169, AMDEP 143, BNDEP 196
SBS5364T AMDEP 169, AMDEP 143, BNDEP 196
SBS5365R AMDEP 169, AMDEP 143
SBS5366M AMDEP 169, AMDEP 143
SBS5367K AMDEP 169, AMDEP 143
SBS5368H AMDEP 169, AMDEP 143
SBS5369E AMDEP 169, AMDEP 143
SBS5370A AMDEP 169, AMDEP 143
SBS5371Y AMDEP 169, AMDEP 143
SBS5372U AMDEP 169, AMDEP 143
SBS5373S AMDEP 169, AMDEP 143
SBS5374P AMDEP 138
SBS5375L AMDEP 138
SBS5376J AMDEP 138
SBS5377G AMDEP 138
SBS5378D AMDEP 138, BNDEP 196
SBS5379B AMDEP 138
SBS5380X AMDEP 138
SBS5381T AMDEP 138
SBS5382R AMDEP 138, AMDEP 168
SBS5383M AMDEP 138
SBS5384K AMDEP 134
SBS5385H AMDEP 134
SBS5386E AMDEP 134
SBS5387C AMDEP 134
SBS5388A AMDEP 134
SBS5389Y AMDEP 134
SBS5390U AMDEP 134
SBS5522D AMDEP 134, AMDEP 133
SBS5523B AMDEP 133, BBDEP 190
SBS5524Z AMDEP 133
SBS5525X AMDEP 133
SBS5526T AMDEP 133
SBS5527R AMDEP 133
SBS5528M AMDEP 133
SBS5529K AMDEP 133, AMDEP 130
SBS5530E AMDEP 133
SBS5531C AMDEP 133, BBDEP 190
SBS5532A AMDEP 133, BBDEP 99
SBS5542X AMDEP 165
SBS5543T AMDEP 165, BBDEP 190
SBS5544R AMDEP 165
SBS5545M AMDEP 165
SBS5546K AMDEP 165
SBS5547H AMDEP 165
SBS5548E AMDEP 165
SBS5549C AMDEP 165
SBS5550Y AMDEP 165
SBS5551U AMDEP 165
SBS5552S AMDEP 165
SBS5565E AMDEP 166, BBDEP 187
SBS5566C AMDEP 166, BBDEP 190
SBS5567A AMDEP 166, BBDEP 187
SBS5568Y AMDEP 166
SBS5569U AMDEP 166
SBS5587S AMDEP 106, AMDEP 74
SBS5588P AMDEP 106, AMDEP 166
SBS5589L AMDEP 133, AMDEP 166
SBS5590G AMDEP 166
SBS5591D AMDEP 106, AMDEP 166
SBS5592B AMDEP 133, AMDEP 25
SBS5593Z AMDEP 165, AMDEP 132
SBS5594X AMDEP 133, AMDEP 136
SBS5595T AMDEP 4, AMDEP 25, BBDEP 14
SBS5596R BBDEP 5, AMDEP 25
SBS5597M AMDEP 106, AMDEP 25
SBS5598K AMDEP 74, BNDEP 221
SBS5599H AMDEP 74, BNDEP 221
SBS5600L AMDEP 133, BBDEP 14
SBS5601J AMDEP 106, AMDEP 135
SBS5602G AMDEP 134, BBDEP 61, BBDEP 157, BBDEP 198
SBS5603D AMDEP 134, AMDEP 166
SBS5604B AMDEP 134, AMDEP 139, BBDEP 157, BBDEP 198, AMDEP 864
SBS5605Z AMDEP 106, AMDEP 165
SBS5606X AMDEP 106, AMDEP 165
SBS5607T AMDEP 106, AMDEP 168
SBS5608R AMDEP 106, AMDEP 168
SBS5609M AMDEP 168, BBDEP 361
SBS5610H AMDEP 134, AMDEP 168
SBS5611E AMDEP 133, AMDEP 168
SBS5612C AMDEP 4, AMDEP 168
SBS5613A AMDEP 162, TPDEP 152, BBDEP 93, BNDEP 293, BNDEP 291
SBS5614Y AMDEP 106, AMDEP 133, BBDEP 190, AMDEP 410, AMDEP 269, BNDEP 31
SBS5615U AMDEP 106, AMDEP 133, AMDEP 139
SBS5616S AMDEP 106, AMDEP 25, AMDEP 139, AMDEP 269
SBS5617P AMDEP 106, AMDEP 25, AMDEP 139, AMDEP 269
SBS5618L AMDEP 162, BBDEP 2, BBDEP 157, BBDEP 198, BBDEP 196, BNDEP 10
SBS5619J AMDEP 25, AMDEP 22
SBS5620D AMDEP 25, AMDEP 143, BNDEP 291
SBS5621B AMDEP 106, AMDEP 132, TPDEP 157, BNDEP 81
SBS5622Z AMDEP 106, AMDEP 132
SBS5623X AMDEP 106, AMDEP 132
SBS5624T AMDEP 106, AMDEP 132, BNDEP 222
SBS6792J TPDEP 159
SBS6793G TPDEP 159
SBS6797X AMDEP 168
SBS6798T AMDEP 168
SBS6799R AMDEP 168
SBS6800U AMDEP 168
SBS6801S AMDEP 168
SBS6802P AMDEP 168
SBS6806D AMDEP 165
SBS6807B AMDEP 165
SBS6808Z AMDEP 165
SBS6810R AMDEP SP
SBS6813H AMDEP 165
SBS6814E AMDEP 165
SBS6821J AMDEP 166
SBS6822G AMDEP 166
SBS6823D AMDEP 166
SBS6824B AMDEP 166
SBS6825Z AMDEP 166
SBS6826X AMDEP 166
SBS6827T AMDEP 166
SBS6828R AMDEP 166
SBS6829M AMDEP 166
SBS6830H AMDEP 166, BBDEP 190
SBS6831E AMDEP 166
SBS6832C AMDEP 166
SBS6833A AMDEP 166
SBS6834Y AMDEP 166
SBS6835U AMDEP 103
SBS6836S AMDEP 103, BNDEP 221
SBS6837P BNDEP 31
SBS6838L BNDEP 31
SBS6839J BNDEP 31
SBS6840D BNDEP 31, BNDEP 221
SBS6841B BNDEP 31
SBS6842Z BNDEP 31
SBS6843X BNDEP 31
SBS6844T BNDEP 31, BNDEP 221
SBS6845R BNDEP 31, BNDEP 221
SBS6846M BNDEP 31, BNDEP 221
SBS6847K BNDEP 31
SBS6848H BNDEP 31
SBS6849E BNDEP 31
SBS6850A AMDEP 103, BBDEP 190
SBS6851Y AMDEP 103
SBS6852U AMDEP 103
SBS6853S AMDEP 103
SBS6854P AMDEP 103
SBS6855L AMDEP 135
SBS6856J AMDEP 135, BNDEP 355
SBS6857G AMDEP 135
SBS6858D AMDEP 135, BBDEP 190, BBDEP 198, BBDEP 185
SBS6859B AMDEP 135
SBS6860X AMDEP 135, BNDEP 221
SBS6861T AMDEP 135
SBS6862R AMDEP 135
SBS6863M AMDEP 103
SBS6864K AMDEP 103
SBS6865H AMDEP 103
SBS6866E AMDEP 103
SBS6867C AMDEP 103, BBDEP 157
SBS6868A AMDEP 103, BBDEP 190
SBS6869Y AMDEP 103
SBS6870S BNDEP 81, BNDEP 355
SBS6871P BNDEP 81
SBS6872L BNDEP 81
SBS6873J BNDEP 81
SBS6874G BNDEP 81, BBDEP 190
SBS6875D BNDEP 81, BBDEP 190
SBS6876B BNDEP 81, AMDEP 166
SBS6877Z BNDEP 81
SBS6878X BNDEP 81, BBDEP 190
SBS6879T BNDEP 81
SBS6880M BNDEP 81
SBS6881K BNDEP 81
SBS6882H BNDEP 81
SBS6883E BNDEP 81
SBS6884C BNDEP 81
SBS6885A BNDEP 81
SBS6886Y BNDEP 81
SBS6887U BNDEP 81
SBS6888S TPDEP 157, BBDEP 198, BBDEP 190
SBS6889P TPDEP 157, BBDEP 198, BNDEP 28, BNDEP 359
SBS6890J TPDEP 157, BBDEP 198
SBS6891G AMDEP 74
SBS6892D AMDEP 74
SBS6893B AMDEP 74
SBS6894Z AMDEP 74
SBS6895X AMDEP 74
SBS6896T AMDEP 74
SBS6897R TPDEP 157, BBDEP 190
SBS6898M AMDEP 74
SBS6899K AMDEP 74
SBS6900P AMDEP 74, AMDEP 135
SBS6901L AMDEP 74
SBS6902J AMDEP 74, BBDEP 190
SBS6903G AMDEP 74
SBS6904D AMDEP 74, BNDEP 12
SBS6905B AMDEP 74
SBS6906Z AMDEP 74, BBDEP 190, BBDEP 302

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ReferencesEdit

  1. Rear Engine in New Double-decker Commercial Motor 7 September 1956
  2. Latest at Earls Court Commercial Motor 21 September 1956
  3. The Atlantean Gets Down to Business Commercial Motor 5 September 1958
  4. Larger Leyland Atlantean Commercial Motor 9 September 1966
  5. Manchester Orders 33-footers from Daimler and Leyland Commercial Motor 13 January 1967
  6. Routes for LTB Atlanteans Commercial Motor 18 June 1965
  7. LTB Atlanteans entering service Commercial Motor 5 November 1965
  8. LT's first o-m-o double decker Commercial Motor 14 November 1969
  9. LT to sell its Atlanteans Commercial Motor 12 January 1973
  10. First single-deck Atlanteans Commercial Motor 15 March 1968
  11. Leyland Atlantan PDR1 Bus Fleet Lists on the Web
  12. Leyland Atlantean PDR2 Bus Fleet Lists on the Web
  13. New model Atlantean Commercial Motor 4 February 1972
  14. New from Leyland - the AN68 Atlantean Commercial Motor 4 February 1972
  15. Leyland Atlantean AN69 Bus Fleet Lists on the Web
  16. Leyland Atlantean AN68 Bus Fleet Lists on the Web
  17. £1.1m sale Commercial Motor 8 September 1978
  18. New buses for old in Singapore Commercial Motor 1 December 1979
  19. Exporting to survive Commercial Motor 5 July 1980
  20. Biggest Alexander order Commercial Motor 20 August 1983
  21. Atlantean AN68/2R Leyland Page
  22. Leyland Atlantean AN68A/2RA Bus Datafile
  23. "Hong Kong Buses Part 2: Citybus Limited" Fleetline issue 248 May 1997 page 94
  24. Atlantean plans run aground Commercial Motor 7 May 1976
  25. Deckers pulled up Commercial Motor 26 January 1980
  26. Template:Cite journal
  27. Deckers going Commercial Motor 12 January 1979
  28. "Hong Kong Buses Part 1: China Motor Bus Co" Fleetline issue 247 March 1997 page 49
  29. Double decker buses set for Sydney Transport for NSW 24 August 2012
  30. State Transit Authority Disposal Lists Australian Bus Fleet Lists
  31. 31.0 31.1 Template:Cite book
  32. MO9750 Bus Australia gallery
  33. Biggest order yet for BL Commercial Motor 2 August 1974
  34. A slice of the cake Commercial Motor 16 February 1980
  35. Atlanteans Invade Irish Republic Commercial Motor 24 June 1966
  36. Striking New CIE Atlanteans Commercial Motor 11 November 1966
  37. KMB sees double Commercial Motor 1 November 1980
  38. News Brief Commercial Motor 19 July 1986
  39. Leyland goes East Commercial Motor 14 June 1980
  40. Leyland Wins Big Portuguese Orders Commercial Motor 27 August 1965
  41. Leyland Gets Stockholm's Order Commercial Motor 11 June 1965

External linksEdit

Template:Leyland buses